The charango origine
This is the opportunity, to talk about an instrument that it has become for my opinion, a truly partner: the charango.
In fact, little size, I take it everywhere with me, during the trip every day of the year.
The area of dispersion of the charango includes the center and south of Peru, Bolivia, north of Chile, and the northwest of Argentina. A musical string instrument, as the guitar, it is very popular in the heart of the Quechuas and Aymaras cultures of the Latin American Southern Cone.
There are almost today, eternals struggles between Chile, Peru and Bolivia to appropriate the origin of charango.
Chile, for example, justified this vindication, that the little string instrument is theirs; evoking the aymaras territories that Chile has in the north of its lands.
But those lands of the Altiplano (the plateau), belonged to Bolivia before the War of the Pacific…
In the XVI century, the Spanish colony spread its wings across the town called ‘the imperial village of Potosi‘, located in the high Peru, today in Bolivia. At that time, the ‘cerro’ (the hill) the most rich of the world, attracted a crowd of people looking for glory and fortune. So, the Imperial Village of Potosi became a very important cosmopolitan center.
Before the Spanish invasion, the native music was interpreted with wind instruments, the ‘sikus’ or ‘zampoñans’ (flutes) there were the most common as well as the percussion instruments (‘bombos’ y wankaras’).
With the Spanish arrival, the string instruments arrived on the scene too, especially who inspired the natives to create an original instrument, ‘ the charango’.
It is so, that the cradle of the charango was ‘The Imperial Village of Potosi‘, it was from this center that the ‘charango boliviano’ began to spread for all over the world.
On its front, has ten strings ranging from a mechanical bridge to the easel. They are made usually, by nylon and they are distributed in five pairs (double notes). Four of these pairs are given in unison. The two strings of the third pair are separated by an octave (the most bass string corresponds to the first string of the Spanish guitar and the other, the most thinly, to an octave higher)
In another time, cut in an armadillo shell, the body of the instrument is today, made of wood. They play this at the parties, to make dance, and it accompanies the love serenades.
I used to tell you, for all of you that wanted to buy a souvenir from Peru or Bolivia, never buy a charango made with an armadillo shell. In fact, although, it abuts on sale for everywhere, it is prohibited by law. So, to avoid having problems with the Airports Customs, buy a charango made of wood!…