Machu Picchu (Peru)
Machu Picchu was discovered 24 July of 1911 by the American Hiram Bingham.
Since that day, its amazing beauty and harmony construction made the city one of the architectural monuments most important of the world.
The town is situated at 2400 meters height in Urubamba, Cuzco.
The Machu Picchu is formed all by rock constructions and is developed on a little narrow hill delimited by a cliff with 400 meters, a canyon which looks on to the Urubamba River.
The town swims into a mystery that the archeologists cannot clarify yet. They study the history and the function of this rock town with about 1 km long, built by Incas in this wonderful area, where the Andeans and the Amazonas live together…the result of the searches just give us some hypothesis and suppositions.
It is about, by the way, of Inca projects of conquer.
Others described it as a monastery, where young daughters (acllas) were educated as servants of the Inca Willac Uno (the superior priest). This supposition came from the search into a discovery of 135 bodies, of 109 was of women.
The amazing perfection and beauty of one of the walls of Machu Picchu, built with an unknown manner (each rock was inserted into the other without cement or other substance) has given lots of myths.
Somebody has said that a bird called Kak’aqllu knows the formula to make soft the rocks, but by an order coming from the Incas gods, its tongue was pulled up. The legends also talk about of a magical plant which dissolves the rock to get into the other.
But in the other hand, the truly charm of Machu Picchu, declared Humanity Cultural Heritage, are its places, the aqueducts, the roads, the observatories, and its solar clock. It is testimony of the wisdom and maestry of the Andean constructors.
The Inca Road towards Machu Picchu was a pilgrimage road towards Machu Picchu used by the Inca (or Emperor) in the XV century. It exist different sites between Ollantaytambo and Machu Picchu where you can note the architectural variety of recourses which give rationality, importance and mysticism to the Royal Route.