National Park of Manu (Peru)
The National Park of Manu has had its place in the exciting section thanks its ecosystem where it is.
It has 7,776,295 hectares the National Park of Manu, where the biological mega diversity is unique, is the protected area more vast of Peru and one of the biggest of the entire world.
Here we find the Manu River, in the territories of Cuzco and Madre de Dios.
It was established en 1973 to protect the great biodiversity of the area against the irrational exploitation.
In 1977, the UNESCO established it as Biosphere Reserve of Manu and declared Humanity Natural Heritage.
The park is a rich territory in so many different species of animals, flora and fauna, as the Andeans habitants; from high, tropical and sub-tropical. The park of Manu is situated at more of 3850 meters height above the Andean plateau, and at 300 meters height of the Amazon flatness.
This natural paradise takes care to big biologist diversity in the protected areas, dense forests and many endemic species of the world.
The Manu protect more of 800 species of birds, the harpy eagle, the jabiru and the rock bird; more of 200 kinds of mammalians, the black spider monkey, the river otter, the black caiman, the south American jaguar, (otorongo) the ocelot, the raccoon, the tapir and the Andean deer (taruca).
It exist lot of different insects and reptiles non classified.
And about plants, we find 2,000 unique species, like the giant orchid and trees of more than 45 meters high and 3 meters diameter.
The autochthonous people conserve their traditions, an owner culture and language and live in this region: the Matsiguengas, the Amahuacas, the Yaminahuas, the Piros, the Amarakaeries, the Huachipaires and the Nahuas.
Taking in count that the biggest parts of forest in the world are destroyed by human hand, this is an opportunity to have a place almost untouched.
Non counting that this reserve protect 10% of the vegetables species of the world and the trees with the most fine wood and medicinal plants that today, are catalogued and put to the science service.
In a hectare of forest we can find 220 different species of trees, whereas in the same place in Europe we find only 20.