José Carlos Mariátegui
José Carlos Mariategui (June 14, 1894, Moquegua, Peru – April 16, 1930) was a writer, philosopher, journalist, political activist and a Peruvian. Among the Latin American revolutionaries, the Peruvian José Carlos Mariategui (1895-1930) occupies a unique place. It is one of the few, by the 1920s, saw the indigenous peasants in Latin America, heirs of a collectivist culture of pre-Columbian origin, what he called “Inca communism ‘, the main topic of the fight for the release of the Americas and the invention of an “Indo-American socialism” that is not “layer and copy” of European experiences.
César Vallejo (1892-1938)
The Montparnasse Cemetery in Paris, hosted, after a short life and troubled, one of the greatest poets of the Spanish language, born in Santiago de Chuco in the Peruvian Andes.
Born March 16, 1892, eleventh child of parents both of mixed race, mother and father native Spanish. Very young he became interested in poetry and tries to follow but literary studies while working. He moved to Lima in 1917, after publishing his first poems. After 1923 he emigrated to Europe and brings together different strands of avant-garde. It also enters the Communist Party. He died in Paris April 15, 1938.
It was a revolutionary poet and rebel who has claimed a total freedom from the norms, be they political or aesthetic. Throughout his work, he built his Poetics striving to create a language that continues to violate its own laws.
Although he published only three books of poetry during his life, he is considered one of the great poetic innovators of the 20th century. Always a step ahead of literary movements, each of his books was distinct from the others and, in its own way, revolutionary.
Yma Sumac (1922 – 2008)
Nicknamed the nightingale of the Andes, this soprano’s extraordinary vocal range was a huge success in the ’50s, with its traditional Peruvian songs passed through the mill kitsch. In 1950, her album Voice of the Xtabay had sold over 500,000 copies, opening the doors of Hollywood and celebrity in North America.
Colorful character (her dresses and jewelry have roused the dead) and eccentric, Yma Sumac has long maintained the mystery about his origins. We knew very little about the reclusive and eccentric performer who loved to cultivate the most preposterous rumors about herself.
Some argue that it had roots in Quebec, and that his real name was Amy Camus (Yma Sumac backwards). But the truth is probably somewhere else.
Until proven otherwise, Yma Sumac was born in September 1922 in the Andean community of Ichocan. His real name Zoila Augusta Emperatriz Chavarri del Castillo, the singer was as a direct descendant of the last Inca emperor Atahualpa.
Self-taught, she claimed to have learned his unique vocal technique (cooing, growling, fluted notes) by mimicking the toucans and jaguars its hinterland.
The original Inca diva Yma Sumac, died of cancer at the ripe old age of 86 years, bringing with her the secret of its origins …
His extraordinary range of a magnitude of 4 octaves 1 / 8 makes it one of the most unique voices in modern times.
Tania Libertad (b. 1952)
Peruvian by birth and adoption Mexican, Tania Libertad is one of the greatest voices of Latin America today. With 32 albums recorded and more than 2 million records sold, she became a key figure of the song in all of Central America and Andean countries. His work, recognized by UNESCO has earned him the title of singer for Peace
Tania Libertad was born in Zana, on the north coast – the Costa Negra are installed where the descendants of African slaves – in a modest family, a father of military music lover and a mother in a nursing hospital workers.
Her first album of boleros was born in 1985. Others will follow, many, making him share the stage with the symbols of Latin American song like Miguel Bose, Juan Manuel Serrat, Ruben Blades, Soledad Bravo or Fito Paez and giving it a status for this romantic ballad diva born Cuba. But her dream is to sing his Afro-Peruvian roots. In May 2000, she met in Mexico José da Silva and entrusted her project to interpret the songs of the black tradition of his country.
The lambada, ¿it tells you something?
Well aware that the tube of the 80 is nothing but the reproduction of an original song of the group Kjarkas Bolivian.
Los Kjarkas is a band and legendary player in the world of Andean music. It was founded in 1965 to Capinota (Cochabamba, Bolivia) by the brothers Hermosa and Edgar Villaroel.
The name Los Kjarkas comes from the word Kharka, Quechua and means of force. The group was born of a simple desire for distraction of its members who went from village to village with the desire to promote folk music and partying.
The first album, “Bolivia” is published in Mexico in 1976. This disc contains 9 songs that are almost all composed by Gonzalo Hermosa is the most important “Bolivia” is a hymn to his homeland and is now the second national anthem of the country and of course the obligatory song of all concerts.
In 1984, The Kjarkas are invited to the 15th festival of folk music of Japan where more than 1800 songs competed for the top prize. The composition of Ulises Hermosa, Florcita Azul (small blue flower) won the 10th place, and this victory ushered in the glory Kjarkas they still the land of the rising sun.
In the late 80s, at the peak, an unexpected event gave even more renowned for Kjarkas. A Brazilian group, the Kaoma, launched on the market a catchy little song, “Chorando se foi” more known as the Lambada is danced on a rhythm of Brazil. But in reality this song is a plagiarism of the song of Ulises Hermosa “Llorando se fue”, published in 1984 at a rate of saya-corporal. Luckily it had been registered in Germany and Kaoma had to give compensation to Kjarkas, compensation whose amount was never revealed.
In the 90s, new musicians had enter the group, including a new player of Charango, a Japanese!: Makoto Shishido.