Climate and geography …:
Area of Peru:
1,285,215 sq km, or 2.3 times of France.
Peruvian Highest Peak:
Nevado Huascaran 6,768 meters altitude.
Capital of Bolivia:
Sucre (seat of government: La Paz)
1,098,580 km, or 2 times of France
Bolivian Highest Peak:
Sajama volcano, 6542 meters altitude.
The climatic conditions of Peru and Bolivia are very varied. Near the equator, the maps are shuffled with altitude. Generally, at night, it’s always cold in the Andes, even if it’s 30 ° C during the day. Temperatures down to -10 ° C easily even -25 ° C in winter on the Altiplano. Nor should we forget that these countries are in the southern part of the globe, that is to say that winter is in July and August.
there is no fixed rule on the matter.
Generally is beautiful, sunny and dry winter from June to September.
3500 to 4000 m altitude, the climate is cool and temperate day, cold at night. Above 4500 m reign cold permanent and perpetual snow appears above 5000 m on average.
Warning: these figures are only averages. Recently, the global climate has changed. In Peru, some cold snaps back from Antartida, come in Amazonian forest, then back into the mountains, producing blizzards.
Day length is usually the same, with an hour difference between summer and winter. He emerged at 5:45 and the night falls around 18 pm in winter (June to September).
In summer (December-March), down is at 5 am and darkles at 19 pm
About area, Peru is the third country in South America after Brazil and Argentina. Located between the equator and the 18th degree of latitude south, it belongs to the tropics. It is divided into three main regions.
To the west, the Pacific coast is a narrow strip of desert dotted with oases urbanized;
At the center, a mountainous area: the Sierra de los Andes (about 30% of the country) is composed of mountain ranges reach over 6000 m and a vast plateau, the Altiplano.
To the east, plains and forest hills, belonging to the Amazon basin, occupying 60% of the territory.
The coast and desert covering 10% of the land area, it is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, and stretches from north to south over nearly 3000 km. The cold Humboldt current bathes its coasts from southern Chile and to prevent rain from reaching the coastal flats. The vegetation of this coastal desert grows in irrigated valleys of the rivers that flow off the western Cordillera and form scattered oases.
Two distinct seasons: dry from November to April with temperatures around 35 degrees, humid (and foggy) from May to October with temperatures around 25 degrees.
Sierra: it makes Peru the Andean country par excellence, and covers one third of the country’s area. The Andes is the longest chain of mountains in the world, it covers 10,000 km from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. In Peru, it consists of several chains, volcanoes or high peaks as the Huascaran (6768 m) in the Cordillera Blanca. Between them, are collected from the plains, as the altiplano in the Titicaca Lake area. The climate is dry and temperate, with two distinct seasons: summer from May to October with sunny days, cold nights and little rain, and other wet from December to March.
La Selva (the jungle): the vast peneplain more or less swamp is inhabited by less than 5% of the population, and extends to the Atlantic and flowing with the Amazon and its tributaries. It constitutes about 60% of the country’s surface. The majority are clustered around rustic village living in semi autarky and interconnected by a river system where sailing boats. The climate is both wet and tropical, the jungle has two climatic seasons marked differentiated: one summer (May-October) with sunny days and temperatures above 30 ° C and the other rainy (November to March) with frequent showers and increased river flows.
Bolivia is divided into 5 regions which are all distinct geographical areas; Bolivia is primarily a land of contrast, a true synthesis of the universe.
Its geography is thus organized as follows:
The Altiplano : High plateau over 3000 m, surrounded by two mountain ranges: the Cordillera Real to the east and 300 peaks over 5000 m (Illimani Illampu, Condoriri, Huyanay Potosi for the most known), the Occidental Cordillera and its volcanoes as Licancabur or Sajama at west. This is the most populated region of Bolivia. Area with arid climates, where the peaks and the salars mark the infinity, it is undoubtedly among the most beautiful scenery in the world.
The Yungas : Located northeast of La Paz, a true meeting point between the Andes and the Amazon, all fertile valleys, hot and humid climate, with lush and abundant vegetation.
Valleys: Between 1500 and 2500 m, the valleys are characterized by a mild climate and lush vegetation. Its fertile soil makes the region the breadbasket of Bolivia.
Chaco : Rich in oil, dry, flat area that extends over the southeastern corner of the Oriente. Because of its low population density, there is an amazing sample of rare species of fauna and flora.
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