The Northern Andes
Cordillera of the Andes across the country from north to south, through an area commonly called the “Sierra”, represents 30% of the territory. It makes Peru the Andean country par excellence, and covers one third of the country’s area.
The northern part of the Andes is not seen, wrongly in my taste, because this region abounds with sites and beautiful landscapes.
It is the mountainous region where for example the famous Cordillera Blanca, a paradise for hikers and mountaineers who reached the 6,768 m summit of Huascaran. This is the finest collection of 6000 meters after the Himalayas (Alpamayo Huandoy, Chopicalqui …), offering extraordinary diversity of over 200 km. In the isolation of its nature, it hides a wealth of lakes, narrow paths open to the horizons and rare sites.
Practically all massifs are protected in the Huascaran National Park.
Nearby, the archaeological site of Chavin de Huantar which was the capital of a highly hierarchical society, with technological knowledge developed hydraulic and agricultural materials.
This site was declared a UNESCO Cultural Heritage of Humanity and is one of the oldest sacred places in America.
But it’s even further north than many surprises await you with the largest archaeological site in northern Peru: Kuelap.
This fortress, discovered in 1843, dates from the year 800 AD and was built by pre-Incan culture of Chachapoyas, in a wilderness area of cloud forest, located in the highlands of the Amazon.
Also, in the northern Andes lies Cajamarca, capital of the region of the same name, which is the largest city in the northern Peruvian Andes. It is said, the city most Spanish of Peru, but it is very Indian with its adobe houses, its country market.
It was the site of origin of the pre-Inca culture Cajamarca, which has left, among other evidence, the famous “Ventanillas of Otuzco”.
Cajamarca is considered the capital of the Peruvian carnival; because of its picturesque groups of music and dance enliven the festivities, between February and March.
For those who want to travel away from the crowds, it is here he will travel …