Traces of the past
For lovers of old stones and fossils, I suggest a trip here where you’ll be amazed by the work of erosion, geology, subsurface minerals.
You will discover fossils and traces of the past offered by many sites: fossilized ancient trees by the time, the ancient pre historic animal bones, millions of years of glaciation remains outstanding geological time, the surprises are sure.
Below is some general information as an example.
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Island of the Moon and the Sun (Bolivia)
On Titicaca Lake, Island of the Moon is, as its name implies, a place of worship of the moon, with the ruins of the ancient palace of the Vestal Virgins. The Sun Island has the remains of the palace of the first Inca Manco Capac, son of Viracocha sun. The latter sent his children Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo on land so they founded the Inca dynasty. Legend says they both drank from a fountain, which then acquired the property to grant eternal youth to all who drank from its water …
Machu Picchu: Wonder of the World (Peru)
The citadel of Machu Picchu is the most important attraction of Cusco. Discovered in 1911 by the American explorer Hiram Bingham, this citadel is considered one of the most extraordinnaires examples of landscape architecture in the world.
Machu Picchu, in Quechua, means “old mountain”. It was both a center of worship and astronomical observation and the private domain of the family of Inca Pachacutec.
Caral: The oldest city of America (Peru)
Located in the Supe Valley, 158 km north of Lima, Caral is one of 18 locations identified in the valley. With an extension of about 65 hectares, it consists in a series of architectonic sets as the Major Pyramid, the Pyramid of the Amphitheatre and the Residential Elite Sector.
The wind blowing across the sands of Caral, the ancient Peruvians tried to reproduce through their flutes. Made with the bones of a condor and pelican the first 32 flutes found in the archaeological site have made one of the biggest surprises of Caral.
The fortress of Sacsayhuaman (Peru)
This impressive example of Inca architecture is 2 km from the city of Cusco.
This fortress was built with huge granite blocks and had the purpose of safeguarding the city from attack by invaders from the east or Antis. Sacsayhuaman (in Quechua means “satisfied falcon”) is composed of three superimposed terraces surrounded by zigzag massive stone walls that reach up to 300 m in length. Assume that Sacsayhuamán had to serve as site for a few buildings in Colonial Cusco.
Chan-Chan, the biggest city of clay of the world (Peru)
The inhabitants of the ancient Chimu area (VIII – XV AD) founded their capital on the banks of the Moche River in the department of La Libertad. The capital was called Jang-Jang, which means “sun-sun” moche language. Chan-Chan includes almost 20 km2 and is the biggest city of clay of Hispanic America.
Huacas of the Sun and the Moon (Peru)
The campaign in the region of La Libertad was the site chosen by the ancient Mochica for the construction of their most important ceremonial centers: The Huacas of the Sun and the Moon. Located just 8 kilometers from the city of Trujillo, these impressive monuments are over 1500 years old.
Agricultural laboratory of Moray (Peru)
Moray (3500 m altitude.), the place is famous for the amphitheater at the bottom of a basin, formed by four circular terraces which seem lost in the interior of the puna, like an artificial crater. The place was an agricultural research center devoted to experimentation with crops on plots of a different altitude levels.
The fortress and the village of Ollantaytambo (Peru)
This typical Inca town, located 93 km northeast of Cusco, was so named in honor of the chieftain Ollanta.
From this complex located on the hill overlooking the village, stand buildings such as the Temple of the Sun, the Mañaracay or Royal Salon, Intihuatana and the Baths of Princess. In the upper part is a fortress that has a series of terraces in cut stone and was constructed in order to protect the valley from possible invasion of natives of the Amazon rainforest.
The religious center of Pisac (Peru)
This archaeological site is considered one of the most important of Cusco. Pisac is a modern village of colonial origin. Písac account a Sunday market which attracts thousands of visitors and residents who come from remote villages and who wear their traditional clothes. During market days you can observe the passage of mayors or Varayocs. They go to church around 9:30 to attend the traditional Mass in Quechua.
Kotosh: hands that intersect in time (Peru)
Part of the magic that accompanies tourism in Peru is the surprising amount of remains and archaeological remains found in the vicinity of major cities. This is where is the temple of the crossed hands of Kotosh, located some 4 km from the beautiful mountain city of Huánuco.
Kotosh, with more than 5,000 years of history, is one of the earliest traces of human civilization in Peru and, without doubt, one of the oldest in America.